The spatially-differentiated heat supply strategy was developed for the canton (Swiss state) of Appenzell Ausserhoden. The method linked socially-viable energy visions with the modelling of technically feasible, cost-effective energy scenarios.
Energy strategy of the municipality of Urnäsch in Switzerland was co-developed by local population, stakeholders, and the expert. First, a visioning workshop was conducted in order to understand percpetions of the ideal-type future energy systems. Second, the collected energy visions were modelled with an energy system model and assessed using multi-criteria analysis. Third, the visions were given back to the involved stakheolder, members of the public, and experts, who adjusted their preferencs for visions.