This study applies the Multi Level Perspective (MLP) on the Portuguese land use system. It combines niche and regime analyses to assess the feasibility of a transition in the Portuguese land use system. For this, the following niches are considered: Biodiverse cities, business and biodiversity, multifunctionality for renewable energy, fire resilient landscapes, land sharing and Integrated Territorial Interventions (ITI), rewilding, and biodiverse pastures. The regime analysis is broken down into the following regimes: agriculture, forest, nature, and urban.
Coopérnico is a Portuguese cooperative of renewable energy, being its mission to involve citizens and companies in creating a new energy paradigm (renewable and decentralized) for the society and environment’s benefit. Coopérnico was founded by a group of 16 citizens from different professional areas and backgrounds, sharing a common concern: sustainable development. It defends a renewable energy and a responsible model contributing to social, environmental and sustainable energy’s future.
This case study illustrates how innovative forms of land management and agro-environment subsidies were developed and implemented in Castro Laboreiro, a small mountain community in Northern Portugal. We assess the innovative ways by which local communities, in cooperation with regional institutions (e.g. Peneda-Gerês National Park), organized themselves in order to access public funds (national and European) for reconciling biodiversity and rural livelihoods. Therefore, this case focus on both social (new forms of organizations) and economic innovations (new forms of getting funding).